Business was suspended, the mammoth wholesale and retail houses, the cotton presses, factories and almost all other establishments closed up so as to allow employers and employees to participate in the funeral. Some business could not very well be closed altogether, ...throughout the early morning wagons hurried about and executed commissions. Towards noon streets were surrendered to the people and procession. The schools all closed. In fact everybody combined to have a grand outpouring of the masses to honor the departed leader. There has certainly been no such demonstration in New Orleans before. Men and women came many hundred miles from all over the south to assist in the obsequies. All New Orleans was out. Lafayette square, stretching out before City Hall, where the body lay in state, was thronged with people. Streets along the line of march were crowded with spectators and out the broad avenue of Canal street, the direct roads to the cemeteries, both sides, were lined with spectators for several miles. With all the tremendous gathering the moving of the vast procession, driving and traveling about, there was scarcely a mishap or misdeed to mar the occasion.
Jefferson Davis was laid to rest on Wednesday, Dec. 11th. The day was an ideal one. It was bright and balmy and fragrant with the perfume of flowers, and it seemed as if May had spread over the year, and spring had determined upon being perennial. Not even a cloud darkened the sky, and the air was still, as became a fete-day of death. The city had put on her mourning garb. Almost every street the houses were draped in black and white and purple. Along Canal Street the drapery reached from the roofs of the high business buildings almost to the street. Miles away from the central portion of the city there were residences bearing the insignia of grief. On the road to the cemeteries there were modest little hamlets, and even those were hidden behind the drapery of death.
At the city hall everything was in motion early. Owing to the fact that it was the last time when the face of the beloved dead could be beheld the doors were thrown open to the public before 7 o'clock. The majority of those who came to gaze upon the remains were strangers who had just arrived. Mrs. Davis and the members of the family paid their farewell visit to the hall the night before.
The flags on the Capitol -- the Stars and Stripes and the State flag -- were not dropped at half-mast until two o'clock this afternoon. Governor Lee returned from North Carolina this morning, and when he heard of Jefferson Davis' death he said the Legislature was the proper authority to take action and order tributes of mourning, The Legislature convened at noon and about the only business that came up was the appointment of a joint committee to draft suitable resolutions on the death of Mr. Davis. This committee will report to-morrow. The flags were then ordered to be placed at half-mast and remain so until after the funeral. Governor Lee sent a telegram of condolence to Mrs. Davis.
The massive marble pillars in front of the hall were draped in black and sable streamers stretched from the flagstaff, upon which floated an American flag at half-mast. The high, broad portals were tastefully draped and the wide hall through the middle of the building was darkened by the heavy mourning hanging along its full length. In the council chamber was the catafalque, upon which rested the metallic, black plush covered coffin, in which rested the body of the beloved chief. The bier was upon a platform, which was crossed by those who called to pay their respects. The base seemed to rest upon a bank of ferns and all around the room were massed the floral offerings that came pouring in. The flower tributes were noteworthy for their number and beauty and appropriateness of design. Some of the offerings came long distances to grace the apartment. The effect of the field of brilliant hues was heightened by the background of black bunting, which was like a sky of gloom illumined by clusters of electric lights. At each end of the coffin stood a sentry. One was a veteran of one or the other of the great armies which bore the brunt of battle for the south. The other was also a veteran in the gray uniform in which the Washington Artillery marched to fame on many fields. In addition to these there was a constant guard around the platform. This was made up of the new generation of the same command in natty new uniforms of blue and red and gold. It happened the night before the burial that three veterans in gray took turns beside the dead and at the same time each had a son on duty near by.
It was shortly after 12 o'clock when the coffin was set down in the open air upon the broad portico of the city hall. Around the bier was grouped the clergy. The rest of the space was filled by spectators. On the stone steps leading up to the hall the gray heads of the aged pall-bearers who were grouped in front formed an impressive background. Leading down from the stone platform to the street the Louisiana Field Artillery drew up in double line in open order. On the street the police stretched in long line and kept back the crowd. All along Lafayette square and nearly all its distance back the people were massed. The ends ot the various divisions could be seen some squares away, and the faint echoes of the rallying airs of the bands floated towards the hall. When the coffin came in sight the booming of cannon commenced, the big bell in the steeple of the First Presbyterian church tolled, and a solemn stillness fell upon the multitude. The scene was one never to be effaced from memory.
Soldiers stepped forward and raised the coffin to their shoulders. The march to the caisson commenced. The attention of the crowd being no longer claimed by the services, the bells and the cannon sounded more distinctly. The casket was carried down between the lines of soldiers and put in its place in the caisson. The men even a hundred yards away uncovered their heads, the band leading the companies through the square hushed suddenly. The marshals of the parade just then riding by reigned up their horses and lifted their hats. The coffin secure, the pall-bearers marched around it to the carriages, the marshals rode away to bring up their lines, the guard of honor took up their positions beside the hearse, and all was in readiness to start.
Mrs. Davis joined in the wish of the confederate veterans and the entire South that the funeral should be strictly a military one, in so far as the ceremonies immediately attending the burial were concerned, and the committee of arrangements strictly followed the programme. The funeral car was magnificently arranged. Its body-props was a heavy four-wheeled artillery caisson, the property of the state. The superstructure was several feet high, and built like a canopy. The supports were six huge bronze cannon, mouth down. In the interstices were crossed muskets. The upper part or canopy was highly ornamented with heavy shot at each corner and at the sides. On both sides were furled American flags. Heavy cloth drapery hung loosely from the top like curtains, adorned with silver fringe. The muskets bore crape, and there were mourning emblems profusely displayed.
The allotted number of horses required in a military funeral must not exceed six. That was the number which drew the caisson. The animals were all black, with heavy trappings. They were handled by representatives of the State National Guard, the detail being Corporal B. Freeland and Privates W. W. Frerichs and G. D. Alexis, from Captain Beanhams Battery B. Several handsome floral offerings that had been sent to the mortuary chamber were placed on the caisson.
On the limber there was placed the tribute of the Palmetto Guards of South Carolina, and just below a wreath of yellow immortelles with crossed swords sent by the Washington Artillery of New Orleans. On the canopy in front was the coat-of-arms of Texas, and behind an emblem from the New Orleans Sugar Exchange with the Latin phrase, "Ad sum."
The Louisiana Field Artillery not on duty at the caisson abandoned the city hall after the crowd deserted it, and formed another line from the coffin to the square, still guarding the sacred dust from the too near approach of the crowd. While the caisson waited the military marched by into position, presenting arms in passing. When these had fallen in position and all up the street there seemed to be a moving array of plumes, the carriages had also been filled, and at 12:30 o'clock the procession moved.
Immediately after the coffin had been placed upon the caisson, the military companies, which had formed on Camp street, marched through Lafayette square, and with arms reversed, assumed the van of the procession.
Platoons of city police, uniformed and drilled, under command of Superintendent David C. Hennessy and Captains Collein, Journee, Donally and Barrett, all mounted.
Honorary Grand Marshal General J. B. Gordon, governor of Georgia, and Grand Marshal General John Glynn, Jr., on horseback; mounted aids to the grand marshal: Colonel John D. Scott, Colonel Price Williams, Major G. L. Hall, Colonel W. S. Reese, E. T. Randle, General Leon Jastremski, Captain E. A. Lombard, Ex-Mayor Reese of Atlanta, Colonel James E. Renshaw, T. J. Salvant, Hon. John M. Avery, C. V. Labarre.
Brigadier General Adolph Meyer, commander of the First Brigade Louisiana State National Guard, and staff, mounted.
Captain William H. Beanhan, mounted, commanding troops of the State National Guard, Band of Vicksburg Southrons.
Brigadier General William Henry, adjutant-general Mississippi State National Guard, and General F. F. Myers, inspector-general of his staff.
Volunteer Southrons of Vicksburg, Miss. commanded by Captain C. J. Searles. There were forty men tastefully attired in light blue, white and gold trimmings. They wore white shakos.
Battery B, Louisiana Field Artillery of New Orleans, under command of First Lieutenants H. Bolivar Thompson and James Reynolds and Second Lieutenant T. G. Chandler. Forty men were in the parade under arms, a number doing detached service. They wore blue uniforms trimmed with red, and red kepis.
Detachment of eight men of Warren Light Artillery of Vicksburg, Miss., under command of Sergeant M. Gowndes, Jr.
Columbus Riflemen of Columbus, Miss., twenty-six strong, commanded by Captain A.J. McDowell, First Lieutenant H. M. Waddell, Second Lieutenant R. Speirs. Their dress was pure gray with black trimmings and white helmets.
Capital Light Guard of Jackson, Miss., commanded by Captain D. P. Porter, Jr., First Lieutenant, M. Buckley; Second Lieutenant, W. L. Reber. This company, thirty strong, was the escort of Governor Lowry, and the other state officers ol Mississippi, who came down on a special train Wednesday morning from Jackson. Their uniform is dark blue and gold.
Jeff. Davis Volunteers of Fayette, Miss., Captain L.R.Harrison; First Lieutenant Jeff Truly. They had seventeen men in line dressed in dark blue with buff trimmings and full dress cap.
Staff First Alabama Regiment -- Lieutenant Colonel Dick Roper, Colonel G. C. Tucker, D. D., chaplain; Captain Emile Sherman, quartermaster; Captain N. Angelo, commissary; First Lieutenant, Dr. Festornazzer, assistant sergeon; Sergeant-major James G. Terry.
Staff of Second Alabama Regiment -- Colonel Thos. G. Jones, adjutant general ; Colonel L. J. Lawson, inspector general ; Colonel Paul Sanquinitti, chief of ordnance; Colonels A. Steinhart, J. L. Tanner and M. P. Legrand, aides-de-camp.
Jefferson Volunteers of Birmingham, Ala., Captain L. V. Clark, x\cting First Lieutenant J. H. Kendricks -- Thirty men in dark blue with gold trimmings, and blue helmets with white plumes, composed this command.
Montgomery True Blues of Montgomery, Ala., with a national fame on their bayonets for soldierly bearing, were in command of Captain H. E. Stringfellow and First Lieutenant J. G. Lugenbeale. They were thirty-three in number, uniformed in dark blue, with red and gold trimmin'gs and black shakos.
Montgomery Grays of Montgomery, Ala., one of the most famous of southern commands, sharing honors with their twin, the True Blues, of the same place, were commanded by Captain W. J. Booth, First Lieutenant M. S. Watson, Second Lieutenant R. P. Stout, and Junior Lieutenant B. E. Williams. There were thirty -six Grays dressed in gray coats and trousers, with bluff and gold trimmings, gold epaulets and white shakos.
Montgomery Mounted Rifles, Company A, of Montgomery, Ala., Captain A. A. Wiley; First Lieutenant, L. C. Ramsey ; Second Lieutenant, W. C. Campbell. The Rifles were dressed in navy blue suits with yellow cavalry trimmings and carried carbines and revolvers.
Montgomery Field Artillery, commanded by Lieutenant W. R. Taylor; Second Lieutenant, John G. Thomas ; Second Junior Lieutenant, S. T. Wescott. There were thirty-three men in line uniformed in dark blue with red band and red kepi. They also wore sabers and revolvers, a rare sight among New Orleans militia.
Lomax Rifles of Mobile, Ala., Captain F. P. Davis, First Lieutenant H. L. Pettus, Second Lieutenant J. H. Wilkinson, with thirty-five men wearing dark blue and gold suits and light-blue helmets with white plumes.
Mobile Rifles of Mobile, Ala., a command of handsome appearance under Captain Murray Wheeler. First Lieutenant, R. B. Dumont, Second Lieutenant A. B. Deure. They had twenty-eight men uniformed in dark green and gold and white helmets.
Gulf City Guards, of Mobile, Ala., had twenty-five men in line, uniformed in dark blue with red and gold trimmings and white helmet and plume. They were commanded by Captain A. C. Ebettoff, First Lieutenant A. J. Chrisholm and Second Lieutenant E. B. Lyman.
Mobile Cadets, of Mobile, Ala., were thirty men, uniformed in gray and gold with the black full dress cadet cap. Lieutenant R. A. Sadler was in command.
Alabama State Artillery, of Mobile, Ala., were in command of Captain R. H. Scales and Lieutenant R. Benz. There were twenty-four of them, uniformed in dark blue, red decorations, red kepis and equipped with sabers. They brought their gun with them, but were unable to produce it in the parade owing to the lack of horses.
Detachment of twelve veterans of Washington Artillery in uniforms of gray and red, under command of Lieutenants Robert N. Strong and Emile O'Brien.
Gate City Guards of Atlanta, Ga., commanded by Captain F. Howard Ellis, First Lieutenant G. G. Crawford and Second Lieutenant Charles N. Roberts. The Guards, thirty-five in number, acted as the escort of General Gordon from Atlanta to New Orleans. They wore a dark blue uniform with heavy gold braid and white shakos.
Staff of Battalion Washington Artillery of New Orleans: Lieutenant Colonel John B. Richardson, Major Andrew Hero, Jr., Adjutant E. R. Kursheedt, mounted; and Captain C. L. C. Dupuy, ordnance officer; Captain William Bremer, surgeon; Captain J. H. De Grange, quartermaster; Captain Alf. T. Baker, commissary; sergeant major, W. W. Crane.
Company A -- Captain E. M. Underhill, First Lieutenant Frank Fenner, Junior First Lieutenant Harry N. Baker, Second Lieutenant J. A. McLane.
Company B — Captain Eugene May, First Lieutenant T. McC. Hyman, Junior First Lieutenant Geo. W. Booth, Second Lieutenant J. J. Hooper.
Company C — Captain H. M. Isaacson, Junior First Lieutenant R. A. Phelps, Second Lieutenant H. H. Hansom.
The command had nearly 150 men in line, attired in the battalion full dress of dark blue, trimmed with red and gold and white helmets.
Dallas Artillery of Dallas, Tex., commanded by Captain A. P. Wozencroft and Second Lieutenant James Ford. They were sixteen strong, and wore dark blue blouses with red settings and red kepis. They carried sabers.
Continental Guards of New Orleans, in command of Lieutenants E. K. Skinner and E. D. Dean. They had thirty -five men in line in their handsome blue coats, buff vests and trousers, top-boots and three-cornered hats with red and white plumes.
Tiro al Bersaglio (Italian sharp-shooters) of New Orleans, commanded by Major A. Patorno, Captain S. Domico, First Lieutenant L. Capuano, Second Lieutenant P. Ingrassia, Third Lieutenant A. Rubino, Fourth Lieutenant M. Valente. They had eighty men in line, making a stalwart appearance in dark blue blouses trimmed with red and their peculiar round hats with dark plumes.
Louisiana Rifles of New Orleans, commanded by Captain Charles H. Adams, First Lieutenant O. T. Mayer and Second Lieutenant Eugene Pujol. The Rifles numbered twenty men, in their full dress uniforms of dark and gold coats and tall black shakos.
Atwood Violett, Irwin Jamieson and C. P. Richards, mounted aids to the executive commitee.
The clergy followed.
First Carriage -- Bishop John Nicholas Galleher, S. T. D., of Louisiana, and Bishop Hugh Miller Thompson, S. T. D., of Mississippi.
Second Carriage -- Rev. A. Gordon Bakewell, Trinity Episcopal chapel; Rev. S. Wiggins, Episcopal missionary; Rev. W. G. Snively, S. T. D., Trinity church ; Rev. David Sessums, Christ church.
Third Carriage -- Rev. J. E. Hammond, Rev. R. C. Cleburne, Rev. J. G. Minnigerode, of New Orleans Episcopal Church; Rev. A. J. Tardy, St. George's Episcopal Church.
Fourth Carriage -- Rev. J. W. Martin, Grace Episcopal Church ; Rev. E. W. Hunter, St. Anna's Episcopal Church.
Fifth Carriage -- Rev. Father Hubert, S. J., and Edward Ryan of the Army of Northern Virginia.
Sixth Carriage -- Rev. Father A. F. Chasse, Chancellor of the New Orleans diocese and representing Archbishop Janssens; Rev. Father H. C. Mignot, St. Louis Cathedral.
Seventh Carriage -- Rev. Father R. J. Fitzgerald, Rev. Father E. M. Smith, Rev. Father Wm. V. Moore, Rev. Father P. S. O'Neil of St. Joseph's Church.
Eighth Carriage -- Rev. H. H. Waters, St. Paul's Episcopal Church ; Rev. C. S. Hedges, Mount Olivet Episcopal Church; Rev. Ebenezer Thompson, Biloxi Church; Rev. K. Mordscorm, New Orleans.
Ninth Carriage— Rev. R. W. Merrill, Baptist Missionary; Rev. T. J. Brave, New Orleans; Rev. H. M. Smith, D. D., editor Southern Christian Advocate.
Tenth Carriage -- Rev. Father Miles, S. J., Rev. Father J. F. O'Callahan, S. J, Rev. Father J. F. O'Connor, S. J., Church of the Immaculate Conception.
Eleventh Carriage -- Rev. R. Q. Mallard, D. D., Napoleon Avenue Presbyterian Church; Rev. W. W. Elwang, Franklin Street Presbyterian Church; Rev. W. A. Hall, Presbyterian; Rev. J. J. Billingsley, Methodist Missions; Rev. C. W. Bussey, Colisseum Place Baptist Church.
Twelfth Carriage -- Rev. C. A. Hyland, Third Presbyterian; J. N. Lyle, Ocean Springs; Rev. F. O. Koelle, Rev. Robt. E. Swartz, First Christian Church ; Rev. C. W. Trawick, Canal Street Presbyterian.
Succeeding these were the:
Hon. Charles E. Fenner of Louisiana.
Sawyer Hayward of Mississippi.
Hon. Thomas H. Watts of Alabama.
Commodore W. W. Hunter of Louisiana.
General T. F. Drayton of North Carolina.
General Jubal A. Early of Virginia.
General Albert G. Blanchard of Louisiana.
General Stephen D. Lee of Mississippi.
General Cadmus M. Wilcox of Alabama.
General J. T. Holzelaw of Alabama.
General T. T. Munford of Virginia.
Colonel F. R. Lubbock of Texas.
General Samuel H. Ferguson of Mississippi.
Rev. Dr. B. M. Palmer of Louisiana.
Colonel Robert E. Park of Georgia.
Hon. Ethel Barksdale of Mississippi.
Gen. E. A. O'Neil of Alabama.
Colonel J. Stoddard Johnston of Kentucky.
Captain Jack White of Texas.
Rev. John William Jones of Georgia.
Hon. James McConnell of New Orleans.
Colonel Henry J. Leovy of New Orleans.
Colonel Thomas L. Bayne of New Orleans.
Dr. Joseph Jones of New Orleans.
S. H. Kennedy, Esq., of New Orleans.
Captain Thomas P. Leathers of New Orleans.
Hon. B. F. Jonas of New Orleans.
James S. Richardson of New Orleans.
Colonel D. M. Hollingsworth of New Orleans.
E. B. Kruttschmitt ; Esq., of New Orleans.
General W. Miller Owen of New Orleans.
Colonel Wright Schaumberg of New Orleans.
Major Page M. Baker of New Orleans.
Major Thomas E. Davis of New Orleans.
Major John W. Fairfax of New Orleans.
General A. S. Badger of New Orleans.
Captain Jacob Gra}?- of New Orleans.
Colonel A. J. Lewis of New Orleans.
Colonel F. S. Washington of New Orleans.
Major D. A. Given of New Orleans.
Captain J. A. Chalaron of New Orleans.
Hon. J. Numa Augustin of New Orleans.
Hon. James G. Clark of New Orleans.
Colonel Wm. Preston Johnston of New Orleans.
Colonel John Overton of Tennessee.
General John C. Haskell of South Carolina.
General Wm. M. Cabell of Texas.
Major W. H. Morgan of Mississippi.
The only absentees from the ranks of the pall-bearers were General George W. Jones of Iowa, who went out with the family; Major Henry J. Hearsey of New Orleans, who was ill, and Colonel John B. Richardson, who was in personal command of the Washington Artillery.
Following the carriages of the pall-bearers was the caisson with the guard of honor, composed of sergeants of the Louisiana Field Artillery, as already described.
It was only a few minutes before twelve when the carriages containing the family and relatives of Jefferson Davis drew up on Lafayette street beside the city Hall. The carriages came from the direction of Carondelet street and were nine in number. The first carriage went immediately behind the bier and its occupants were Mrs. Verina Howell Davis, wife of the President of the Confederacy, and Mr. J. U. Payne, who acted as Mrs. Davis's escort. Mr. Payne is an old friend of Mr. Davis and loved him dearly. Mr. Payne was Mr. Davis's commercial agent in this city. He had been selected out of the many friends of Mr. Davis to conduct Mrs. Davis to see the last of the great leader. Mrs. Davis was attired in heavy mourning, which covered her entirely; not even her hand was exposed.
Mrs. Margaret Hayes also occupied a seat in the carriage. She was dressed in deep mourning and was accompanied by her cousin, General Joseph R. Davis of Biloxi.
Mrs. Hayes is a daughter of Jefferson Davis and a stepdaughter of the present Mrs. Davis. Mrs. Hayes lives in Colorado Springs and came here for the purpose of nursing her father, but before she arrived he died, and so what she had intended for a visit of pleasure was cruelly made one of sorrow.
The carriage was drawn by two jet black horses, which were covered with crepe. At the horses' bridle was a large black rosette of heavy crepe. The carriage lamps were covered with this emblem of death, and the sides of the carriage, in all its rich work and fancy work, was thoroughly covered with crepe. The whip, a long black one, was decorated to such an extent that only the handle was visible. The carriage belonged to Colonel James S. Richardson and was driven by A. Washington, who wore a large black rosette on his left arm. Beside the driver sat an aged colored man, Robert Brown. Robert before the war was a slave of Mr. Davis, and when Mr. Davis abandoned Richmond Robert went with him and stayed with him until his capture. Robert used to nurse the children and take care of them all the time during these war times and was a faithful nurse, too. Shortly after Mr. Davis' capture, and while in the custody of the Union soldiers, Robert was one day playing with the children -- Jefferson, Maggie and Verina. A union soldier was pretty rough to one of the children and Robert told him to stop. He would not and Robert asked him: "Am I free?" The soldier replied, "Yes," and Robert said: "Well, take this," and struck the man in the face, knocking him over. This only goes to show the love all Mr. Davis' servants had for him and the way they stuck to him through life. The old man set on the box with a large black rosette on his arm and was visibly affected by the funeral procession and all the sights connected therewith.
Mr. Hayes was too ill to attend the funeral, but last evening it was learned that he was better, and it is hoped that he will recover soon. During the long ride Mrs. Hayes fainted twice, but last evening seemed well again. Mrs. Davis seemed quite strong last night and will be ready to go to Bouvoir tomorrow evening.
In the second carriage was Mrs. Helen Keasy, a niece of Mr. Davis, Hugh L. Davis, a grand nephew of Jefferson Davis, Miss Nannie Smith, a grand niece of Jefferson Davis, Mrs. Sterling, also a grand niece. Little Nannie Sterling, a great-grand niece of Mr. Davis, also occupied a seat in this carriage. Miss Smith and Mrs. Sterling are from Biloxi, and Mr. Davis is from Woodville, Miss.
The third carriage was occupied by grand nieces and nephews of Jefferson Davis: Mrs. A. R. Broussau, Mrs. C. P. Wilkinson, Miss Elsie White and Mr. A. Syndey White, all dressed in mourning.
Mrs. Mary Stamps, widow of Jefferson Davis's nephew, Captain Isaac P. Stamps, who was killed at Gettysburg, occupied the fourth carriage, with her son-in-law, Mr. E. H. Farrar, who is a cousin of Mrs. Varina H. Davis, the widow of Jefferson Davis, and Mr. Farrar's three children, Edgar, a great-grand nephew and godson of Mr. Jefferson Davis, and Mary and Anna, great-grand nieces of Mr. Davis. In the fifth carriage there were Mr. Jefferson D. Smith, of West Feliciana, and a grand-nephew of Mr. Davis; Mrs. L. G. Balfour, a grand-niece of Mr. Davis, and Lulu Gartley, Mammie and Hollie, children of Mrs. Balfour, and great-grand nieces and nephews of Mr. Davis. The sixth carriage was occupied by Misses Verita D., Mary L. and E. Hilton Howell, W. F. Howell and Mr. William M. Railey. These are nieces and nephews of Mrs. Davis. The seventh carriage had Mr. and Mrs. H. B. Richardson and Mr. Girault Farrar for occupants. Mr. Farrar is Mrs. Davis's cousin and Mrs. Richardson is Mr. Farrar's sister. The eighth carriage was occupied by Mrs. Justice Charles T. Fenner, Mr. E. D. Fenner, Master Guy and Miss Gladys Fenner, Master Andrew King and Rose, the nurse. The Fenner residence is the place where Mr. Davis always stopped while in the city, and though not related to any of the Fenners he always classed them among the family. Mrs. Fenner has always done all in her power for Mr. Davis, and deserves to be treated as one of the family. The last carriage was occupied by Hon. F. K. Winchester of Natchez, Miss., and a cousin of Mrs. Davis; David Bradford of Kentucky, nephew of Mrs. Davis; H. D. Alexander of Kentucky, grand-nephew of Mrs. Davis, and Betty, Mrs. Davis's maid.
Behind this carriage came that of the attending physicians: Dr. W. G. Austin, quarantine officer, and Dr. Joseph T. Scott. Dr. Austin has been Mr. Davis's physician for forty years, and has attended him altogether at Beauvoir. Dr. Scott has for many years been Mrs. Davis's physician, and has to some extent attended on Mr. Davis. The physicians who attended Mr. Davis in his last illness were not able to attend. Dr. Bickham had an important operation to perform and could not get away, much to his disappointment, and Dr. Chaille was at the hall but was called away before the funeral started.
The Veterans of the War.
Following the carriages of the family came the grand marshal of the second division, General William J. Behan, and his aids: Colonel George A. Williams, Mr. J. B. Sinnott, Mr. George H. Dunbar, Mr. A. A. Maginnis, Colonel E. Howard McCaleb, Mr. P. O. Frazende, Colonel A. W. Crandell, Major J. G. Devereux and Mr. W. B. Ringrose. The gentlemen were on horseback and dressed in citizens' clothes.
Following these came a brass band and then the veteran associations. The Army of Tennessee were on the left and the Army of Northern Virginia on the right in double column.
The Army of Tennessee was under command of Col. W. T. Cluverius assisted by Comrades Fendel Horn, Leopold T. Santana and George Petit. There were 350 men in line, including visitors and juniors. Comrade Nolan carried the flag of the association, with it the Louisiana state flag. Dr. A. J. Witherspoon, who was the chaplain of a company of the Army of Tennessee during the late war, marched in line as spry and easily as any young man present. A good representation was present and many visiting veterans were in attendance. The two associations were on a par and were neither one ahead of the other. The columns were on each side of the street, with an open space between each. Captain Fred. A. Ober, first vice president and officer of the day, was in command of the veteran association Army of Northern Virginia.
This association had 500 men in line, including visitors. The color-bearers were John Hurley (one-armed John, who did duty so faithfully at the hall while Mr. Davis was laid out there) of the Louisiana Infantry and John H. Collins of the Louisiana Tigers. The regular colors were four in number with the United States flag in the center, with a battle flag on either side. The Confederate flag was carried by Comrade Joseph A. Brown, Louisiana Field Artillery. The battle flags were carried by Juan Guitierez of the Tenth Louisiana Infantry and Antoin Weidemeyer, Louisiana Zouaves. The United States flag was carried by Ed. Fitzpatrick. The color guard consisted of Comrades Charles Hylleste, Zouaves; John S. Mioton, Donaldsonville Artillery; T. B. McPeake, Company A, Fifth Louisiana; Colonel David Zabie, of the Fourteenth Louisiana Infantry; H. H. Marks, Washington Artillery; Adolph Costa, Louisiana Field Artillery; Lieutenant Colonel J. Moore Wilson, in command of color guard.
Behind these two associations came the Confederate States Cavalry, commanded by Colonel George Moorman and 200 strong. All visiting cavalrymen marched in line. The battle flag of the Second Louisiana Cavalry which was commanded by Colonel W. G. Vincent in the war was carried yesterday by Peter Moreau of the Second Louisiana Cavalry. It is a fact worth mentioning that Moreau, the same person who carried the flag yesterday, carried the same flag through 100 battles of the late war. Behind the cavalry came the Confederate Association of Kentucky, who number about 200 in Louisville and who were represented by twenty-five men with Captain J. H. Leathers in command. They came down on a special car of the Mississippi Valley Route which was heavily draped with black, and they leave this evening.
The sons and daughters of the Army of Tennessee were well represented. There were 106 men in line and Vernon Venables carried the colors. Zollicoffer Camp Confederate Veterans at Knoxville, Tenn., had a good representation and Charles Ducloux carried the colors.
There were delegates from the Lee Association of Mobile and several other veteran associations of Mobile. Comrade Charles Santana was in command of the unattached associations of the different states, who were with the Army of Tennessee. The sons and daughters of the Army of Northern Virginia also turned out in full force. There were fifteen United States veterans in line.
The veterans of the Louisiana Field Artillery, Battery B, numbered twenty-four in all, with Comrade Charles A. Thomas in command. This brought up the line of foot men, and the Ladies' Confederate Monumental Association came out with forty-five delegates in eight carriages. Mrs. Louis A. Adams is president, Mrs. Theodore Schute, treasurer ; Mrs. L. D. Nicholls, secretary.
There were several other associations represented by delegates of two or three each.
The third division was headed by General J. B. Vinet, marshal. This was made up entirely of carriages.
In the first conveyance was Governor Francis T. Nicholls of Louisiana, Governor Robert Lowry of Mississippi, Governor S. B. Buckner of Kentucky and Governor D. C. Fowle of North Carolina.
Next came Governor Nicholls' family escorted by Colonel C. A. Larendon.
Mrs. S. R. Mallory, widow of the secretary of the navy of Mr. Davis' cabinet, and her daughter, Mrs. Dr. T. S. Kenedy, followed.
Governor James P. Eagle of Arkansas, Governor F. P. Fleming of Florida, Governor J. S. Richardson of South Carolina, and Colonel Faries came next in order.
Chief Justice Bermudez and Associate Justices F. P. Poche, S. D. McEnery and L. B. Watkins, of the supreme court of Louisiana.
Judges McGloin and Kelly, of the court of appeals.
Judges F. A. Monroe, N. H. Rightor, Albert Voorhies, T. W. C. Ellis and Fred D. King, of the civil district court for the parish of Orleans.
Judges H. H. Price and C. H. Lavillebeuvre, of the city courts.
Lieutenant Governor James Jeffries, Auditor O. B. Steele, Treasurer W. H. Pipes, Register of the Land Office John S. Lanier, Registrar of Voters Geo. W. Flynn, Tax Collectors C. H. Parker, Thomas Duffy, I. W. Patton and Louis Arnauld.
State Engineers Sidney F. Lewis and Arsene Perilliat.
State Assessors Sam'l J. Kohlman and Louis A. Richards.
Judge Emile Rost of Jefferson parish.
Dr. C. P. Wilkinson, Dr. S. D. Kennedy, Dr. L. F. Salomon, Dr. Charles E. Kells, Dr. H. W. Blanc, Mr. James D. Hill, Mr. C. Taylor Gauche, Dr. A. M. Beret and Mr. Albert Voorhies of the state board of health.
State Senators Alfred Goldthwaite, Lloyd Posey, C. C. Cordell, W. W. Vance and J. H. Duggan, Representatives Borland, Dupre, O'Donnell, Shields, Bossier and Elder.
Colonels Byrnes, Gillespie, Fairchild and Cottraux of the governor's staff.
Messrs. A. K. Miller, Hugh Flynn, Robert Bleakley and Douglas Kilpatrick of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
Mr. L. M. Finley, Judge Larry O'Donnell, J. T. Hayden, Frank Levis, E. D. White, John Dymond, Carl Kohn, D. B. Morey, D. D. Colcock, Pat Looby and A. W. Hyatt.
Assistant Postmaster Henry Renshaw, representing Postmaster Geo. W. Nott, and United States Appraiser L. P. Bouny.
Mayor Joseph A. Shakesperre, Comptroller Thoman, Public Works Commissioner Leche, City Surveyor B. M. Harrod, Assistant City Attorneys F. B. Lee, Sam'l L. Gilmore and W. B. Sommerville.
Councilmen James G. Clark, A. K, Finlay, George Lhote, Geo. H. Dunbar, Frank A. Daniels, W. I. Hodgson, J. B. Prague, C. L. Keppler, A. Borman, Geo. W. Stockman, R. T. Aitken, A. Brittin, J. R. S. Selleck, Philip Hirsch, T. A. Beck, A. C. Landry, Arthur Lambert, A. H. Hanemann, C. F. Claiborne, R. R. Moulin, A. Delavigne, Fred. Dudenheffer, Henry Haag, Wm. Lynd, Jr., Frank M. Hall, M. J. McAdams, J. B. Woods, Geo. Hauer, L. A. Hymel, Louis T. Stoulig and T. D. Mather.
Henry G. Hester, Chas. Chaffe, Hugh McCloskey, Breedlove Smith and E. Onerbeck.
Benevolent Organizations in Uniform.
The fourth division of the cortege was devoted to uniformed bodies of benevolent organizations. The marshal was Colonel A. W. Hyatt, assisted by Colonel Joseph Voegtele.
At the head of the division was a company of uniformed rank of Odd Fellows. Captain A. S. Meyers, First Lieutenant M. Shinn and Second Lieutenant W. W. Read were in command of thirty elegantly uniformed Patriarchs Militant. They wore black broadcloth coat and trousers, ornamented with black and gold. Their caps were chapeaux-de-bras, with plumes, and their equipments rapiers, with gold baldricks and pouches.
Next in the long line was the First Louisiana Battalion of the Uniformed Rank of Knights of Pythias. They too were an elect body of men, finely drilled and uniformed. Major Henry Street and Adjutant Harry L. Edwards commanded the battalion. The knights wore black broadcloth, Prince Alberts decked with silver buttons and red and gold trimmings. They wore white helmets and carried swords. Captain Mark O'Rourke and Lieut. Edw. A. White were in command of Orleans Division No. I; Captain W. H. Drury commanded Ascalon Division. Algiers Division was commanded by Captain A. Turfs and Lieutenant L. H. Daniels. Captain Jules Hebert commanded Calanthe Division, numbering twelve men, who came down from Plaquemine, La., especially to participate in the funeral procession.
The rear guard of the fourth division was gallantly held by the Louisiana divisions of the Patriotic Sons of America. W. Hincks, esq., was marshal, aided by N. Underwood, vice president of the national body. The state camp, 200 strong, paraded in their sashes, composed of the national colors, with illuminated stars, rosettes and braided supports. Following the state camp were large delegations from the local camps of the order, also adorned with sashes.
Hon. Charles T. Soniat, Marshal, and Messrs. James Legendre, George H. Theard, G. A. Lanaux and Walter Denegre, aids, mounted on spirited steeds, rode at the head of the fifth division.
The faculty and students of the Tulane University of Louisiana, about 1500 in number, followed. Profs. Chaille, Logan, Lewis, Souchon, Miles and Elliott of the medical department, Profs. Miller, Semmes, Denis and Hall of the law department, and Profs. Jesse, Ficklen and Fortier of the academical department, were in the line of march.
Principal J. V. Calhoun, accompanied by 230 pupils of the high school.
The Catholic Knights of America turned out in large numbers. Hon. James David Coleman, supreme president of the order; D. T. Cummings, president; Clay Knoblock, vice-president; J. J. McLaughlin, treasurer; Matt Brown, secretary, and Rev. A. F. X. Chappuis, spiritual director of the state council, and representatives from all the branches of the state were in attendance.
The following is a list of British shipmasters and the names of the vessels that they command. They had a new British flag, purchased by them for the occasion. The colors were carried by Captain J. W. Noble; Captains Charles Bennington, steamship Westbourne; Alfred Gibson, steamship Royal Welch J. W. Noble, steamship Chittagong; S. Graystone, steamship Mortlake; W. J. C. Martyr, steamship Moonstone; Geo. Bullman, steamship Clintonia; Andrew White, steamship Huntsman; R. Jago, steamship Jessmore; D. Stewart, steamship Mercedes; Geo. Grigs, steamship Straits of Belle Isle; Wm. Mitchell, steamship Lavernock; W. G. Steele, steamship Elevator; H. H. Bent, ship San Stefano, and Geo. N. Cosman, ship Nettie Murphy. Also a number of officers from the steamships Royal Welch, Chittagong and Mortlake.
Jefferson parish was represented by a delegation of ioo from the Lee Benevolent Association, the David Crocket and Goldsboro fire companies and the Citizens' Protective Association. Ed Reiss, Dr. L. G. Lebeuf, Louis Tulberg and W. Preston were in charge of the column.
Next come the St. Leo Benevolent Association, about fifty in number, officered by Geo. W. Young, president; Jos. Whipple, vice president W. J. Johnson, recording secretary; J. H. Bruns, financial secretary; F. Collenbacher, treasurer; Jos. Davis, marshal.
Guibet's Battery was in line with a delegation of twenty-five. The officers of the organization are: B. Rouen, president; J. F. Meunier, vice president; L. F. Boisdore, recording secretary; L. Aleix, financial secretary; L. A. Dupont, treasurer; R. B. Flores, collector.
Typographical Union No. 17 was in charge of President James Leonard, and made a splendid showing.
The Screwmen's Benevolent Association could not turn out the whole organization on account of the pressure of work on the levee. President John Breen, Andrew M. Kein, Denis Kirby, John A. Davilla, A. McDonald, J. H. Kalvalage and a delegation of twenty-five members were, however, in attendance.
The Cotton Yardmen, Dan Mahoney, president, and M. J. Cusack, secretary, were also out with a delegation of twenty-five, The Sons of Louisiana, officered by Armand Quere, president; E. Morel, first vice president; E. Dewent, second vice president; Joseph Bofill, recording secretary; M. Dudoussat, financial secretary; J. J. Weinfurter, treasurer; E. Gener, grand marshal, had over a hundred men in line.
The Ancient Order of Hibernians, John Fitzpatrick, state delegate; John Breen, county delegate; John E. Kelly and Morris Kenney, presidents of third and second divisions, were next in the order of march with 100 men.
The Southern Athletic Association, 300 strong, were under the command of Vice President J. C. Campbell.
The Columbia Athletic Club, 200 members, had the following officers at its head J. J. Weinfurter, president; A. Blais, first vice president; R. H. [Cooper, second vice president; N. A. Wilt, recording secretary; L. B. Bouchereau, financial secretary; A. Petitpain, grand marshal.
The Young Men's Gymnastic Club, E. J. Gueringer, president ; Wm. H. Heyl, secretary; the Continental Mutual Benevolent Association, G. Gast, president; John Masquere, secretary; and the Louisiana Benevolent and Protective Association, A. V. Flotte, president, W. J. Desgouttes, secretary, were also out with large delegations.
The Fire Department of New Orleans.
The fire department of New Orleans and the Sixth district constituted the sixth division, of which Chief Engineer O'Connor was marshal and his aids Assistant Engineer James Donovan and Andy Lynch.
The display made by this division was an admirable one, and as regards numerical strength the fire department was as well represented to honor the dead hero as on their annual parades. Certainly quite a large number of firemen were members of the other bodies, civic and military, and participated with these organizations, hence the companies were not all out in full force.
The order of parade was as follows:
Carriage containing Hon. I. N. Marks, president, and members of the board of fire commissioners.
Chief Engineer Thomas O'Connor and Assistants Lynch and Donovan on foot.
Volunteer Steam Fire Company No. I, Foreman Jacob Heuser.
Delegation from the Algiers and Carrollton departments.
Mississippi Steam Fire Company No. 2, Dan A. Rose, foreman.
Vigilant Steam Fire Company No. 3, I. Kieffer, foreman.
Lafayette Hood and Ladder Company No. 1, A. Klein, foreman.
Columbia Steam Fire Company No. 5, James Walsh, foreman.
Louisiana Hose Steam Engine Company, Edward Schwartz, foreman.
Eagle No. 7, A. Cadessus, foreman.
Phoenix Steam Engine Company No. 8, Louis Knoop, foreman.
American Hook and Ladder Company No. 2, Fred Gross, foreman.
Creole Steam Fire Company No. 9, Daniel Douglas, foreman.
Louisiana Steam Fire Company No. 10, Max Miller, foreman.
Irad Ferry Exempt Society.
Irad Ferry Steam Engine Company No. 12, J. J. McGuinness, foreman.
Hope Hook and Ladder Company No. 3, Albert Cain, foreman.
Perseverance Steam Fire Company No. 13, Chris. Berthelsen, foreman.
Philadelphia Steam Fire Company No. 14, T. J. McKay, foreman.
Jackson Steam Fire Company No. 18, F. S. Hausner, foreman.
Washington Steam Fire Company No. 20, Gaspar Pietri, foreman.
Pelican Hook and Ladder No. 4, H. R. Ducastaing, foreman.
Jefferson Steam Fire Company No. 22, Jacob Baker, foreman.
Chalmette Steam Fire Company No. 23, J. Raynes, foreman.
Crescent Steam Fire Company, No. 24, Andrew Blake, foreman.
Sixth District Department -- Alex C. Winn, chief engineer, and delegations consisting of the officers, and some of the members of Phillips' Chemical Engine No. 4, Young America Steam Fire Company No. 3, Protector Steam Fire Company No. 2, Pioneer Steam Fire Company No. 1, Independent Chemical Engine Company No. 5 Hook and Ladder No. 1.
At the head of this division was borne a handsome floral offering, in the shape of a crescent and star made of fine flowers.
It was a remarkable parade. There was not a hitch anywhere, and it kept in splendid order until the body of the great leader had been consigned to the tomb and the order to disband was given. Private carriages were excluded from the procession so as not to destroy its symmetry and order. But hundreds of them drove out the other side of the shell-road on Canal street while the parade was moving. There were six trains on Canal street waiting to take people to the cemetery, but they did not move until the column was well on the way to Metairie. The line reached almost from the cemeteries to the heart of the city, and it took an hour and twenty minutes for the parade to pass a given point. It did not move very slowly either. The veterans had announced that they intended to walk out every inch of the way, and they did. Not only that, but they struck a long swinging stride that carried them along at a gait that made the usual funeral walk of the carriage horses unequal to the occasion. Fortunately the roads were good and the weather fine.
The procession after leaving the city hall proceeded up St. Charles to Calliope, and from Calliope moved into camp, thence to Chartres, to St. Louis, to Royal, to Canal, to the cemetery.
All along the line of march honor was shown to the remains of the beloved head of the confederacy which had gone before him. All along the military display was much admired. The soldiers conducted themselves admirably. It was a magnificent gathering of soldiery, containing the flower of southern troops. The uniforms were handsome and were displayed to good effect by the manly bearing of the men and their accurate marching. General Gordon, looking the leader that he is, was a superb figure at the head of the column, and General Glynn and his aids kept a constant and effective supervision over the whole array. The veteran societies turned out in large numbers also, and their gathering from far and near, some already approaching the age when travel is difficult, some with armless sleeves and some with only one foot to stand upon, gave the assemblage all the appearance of a lost rally. The Mexican veterans joined with the later heroes in doing honor to the man who was as grand a soldier as he was a wise statesman, and they too attracted general attention.
The police rose to the occasion and really did good service. They cleared the pathway to the tomb, and the caisson, with its precious burden, moved smoothly along without being once obstructed.
After the procession had deployed itself into line, it was a steady march out Canal street. Shortly after reaching Claiborne street the junior organizations and the benevolent and other societies dropped out and boarded the trains. The Sons and Daughters of the Veterans of the Army of Northern Virginia, with a good showing of the daughters, drew up in line and saluted the remains on the caisson. But the old soldiers kept on. They scorned to ride when they were bearing the great chief to his home. The military spirit of the younger soldiers vied with that of their preceptors and exemplars in showing honor to the dead. There was not even a halt until the car station was reached. Many of the marchers had not even had a drink of water since breakfast, and it was then 2:30 o'clock. So there was a short intermission while foraging parties were sent out. Some of the Washington Artillery found refreshments waiting for them at the Chadwick residence, 547 Canal street, and there were other hospitable places in the neighborhood.
The march was then taken up with renewed vigor. The Italian companies had already dropped out at Galvez street. The Louisiana Rifles were also compelled to leave the column in order to make a rapid advance. They jumped into wagons at Claiborne street and went thundering out to Metairie, where they mounted guard in the many avenues in the beautiful city of the dead. At the car station the crowd of lookers on thinned out. The decorations along the line still showed the interest taken. The La Place residence was beautifully decorated. The Metairie Ridge School, almost at the end of the street, was also tastefully draped. So were the Vittell and Shaw cottages.
There was a general feeling of relief when at 3:20 the first of the group of cemeteries was reached. The trains had already thundered by and many of the organizations had reached the ridge. The Lee Benevolent Association, the State Camp of the Patriotic Sons of America, the High School boys and the uniformed ranks of the Knights of Pythias and Odd Fellaws were formed in double line and waited for the caisson to pass.
It was exactly half-past three o'clock when the head of the column reached Greenwood. There was a brief breathing spell and the advance renewec and crowd and carriages and the marching column charged across the bridge. It was a stirring scene. The houses grouped about the bridge were all in sable drapery. A constant stream of people was tending towards the arched gateway leading to the lovely graveyard. At the very entrance stands the tomb of the Army of Tennessee, surmounted by the grim figure of Albert Sydney Johnston on horseback. Rider and horse and mount were covered with black gauze, and the great confederate remembered in the metal ideal seemed to be present and looking out upon the funeral cortege of his chieftain from the shadow of the valley of death.
It was not yet four o'clock when the caisson rolled over the shelled avenue leading to the tombs. The day was still as warm and balmy and bright as when the remains were borne from the city hall, and the multitude seemed to have been transferred from the city to the ridge. The flowers had preceded the body to the grave, and the cannon which had fired the salute at the river made a detour by Common Street, and fast time and was in position at the cemetery ready to flash the good-bye of fire from its brazen mouth.
The entry of the pageant into the beautiful cemetery away out on the quiet Metairie ridge, far from the thunder and clatter and turmoil of busy, rushing, work-a-day city life, was made with all the pomp and circumstance of a military and civic procession. Even before noon, when the religious ceremonies were just beginning, people gathered within the hallowed precincts of the romantic burying ground. They came in street cars, in trains, in carriages, in rigs of every known description and on foot, and took up positions on tombs and broad walks, and on the scrupulously-well-kept lawns.
Metairie is the prettiest cemetery in the south. It ranks in beauty with the handsomest burial grounds of the world. It is situated about two miles and a half from the business part of the city, and is rich in its architecture, its verdure and its possessions. Years ago it was the famous race course of the South. Some years back it was transformed into a city of the dead. Since then nature and man have constantly aided in its adornment. Within it lie the remains of thousands of confederate veterans, and here are most of the tombs of the military and veteran associations of New Orleans. It is in this cemetery, in a subterranean vault, that the southern chieftain has been temporarily laid to rest.
The Army of Northern Virginia tomb is beneath the marble monument of the lamented confederate leader, Stonewall Jackson.
It is situated nearly half a mile from the stone entrance, nearly in the centre of the cemetery, and surrounded by imposing tombs of wealthy people of New Orleans. The mound is a gradual ascent prettily laid out in parterres, and richly grown with rare flowers. From a sectional stone base a slender shaft broken with laurel wreaths rises to commanding height. At this apex a heavy slab of marble bears the statue of Jackson. The figure represents the famous general in an attitude of repose, his sword leaning on a broken stone wall, and his left hand resting gracefully on his side. He wears the regular confederate officer's uniform, with his cloak thrown over his arm, and his field glasses carelessly in his left hand. The familiar kepi is pulled down, as the general was wont to wear it, closely over his forehead. The face looks toward the southeast, and the features are almost perfect in their outline. Beneath the base is an underground chamber with vaults running all around. It was in one of these that the remains of Mr. Davis were placed.
The monument was decorated with extreme simplicity. The mound was covered entirely with green moss, and around the shaft was wound a chain of laurel and oak leaves, the decorations being the work of Mr. J. H. Menard. When the procession left the city hall, big furniture wagons drove up and the mortuary chamber was emptied of its hundreds of floral offerings that came from every city and State in the South, and they were taken out to the cemetery. Here an artistic hand came into play, and they were arranged with studied unostentation and most admirable effect, the mound being almost entirely hidden from view by the wealth of culture flowers.
The pageant got out to the cemetery a little in advance of the time it was expected to. Its vanguard was an incongruous assortment of carriages and vehicles and an irregular army of straggling people who walked all the way to the burial ground to do honor to the memory of the leader cold in death. The crowd was cosmopolitan in its make up. It embraced every station in life in one endless procession. Thousands walked because there was no other means of getting out. The available trains on the street railroads were crushed and packed with several divisions of the funeral pageant and the common multitude was left to take care of itself. It was 3 o'clock when the first special train arrived, bearing uniformed Odd Fellows and Knights of Pythias and civic societies. As each train drew up it was quickly emptied of its human freight, and the tail end of the procession reformed in open order to let the militia and the walking divisions go through. As the soldiers, worn out with the long and dusty march, and the funeral car and the remainder of the pageant moved slowly past in mournful step to woful music of the day, the knights presented arms and the civic bodies uncovered.
Long before the police detail reached the bridge over the canal that runs by the front of the cemetery, the dense throng of the common populace had gathered close around the monument beneath which the body of the ex-president is to-night, as these lines are written, lying in peaceful repose, The crowd sought every available spot that gave the opportunity of a fair view. It climbed trees, mounted tombs, picked out convenient spots on the mounds and lawns, and listened and watched with breathless interest and respectful attention to the solemn ceremonies at the base of the marble [shaft. Around the circle of the tomb the crowd was thickly pressed, and from its out-skirts throngs extended into the walks intersecting at various points the main thoroughfare.
When the progress of the procession finally, brought the military to the monument the police and soldiers were drawn up all around the circle and as the funeral car with its long line of carriages in the wake came up the line of soldiers facing the monument were given "right about, face!" in order to salute the bier. It was then 4 o'clock. The choristers had preceded the funeral car and took up position in a group to the left of the tomb. Then the Episcopal clergyman and the assisting clergy of other denominations formed in a line on either side of the walk. The pall-bearers and distinguished guests did the same thing. Bishops Galleher and Hugh Miller Thompson walked slowly to the base and took up their positions beside the bier. General Gordon came up shortly and stood quietly and modestly with bowed head close by.
The caisson stopped at the foot of the walk and Battery B's detail of honor bore the casket up the ascent to the foot of the monument with Captain Beanham, looking every inch a soldier, at its head. As the coffin was carried up the mound the military orders were "rest on arms," and every soldier in the circle executed the order. The veteran associations marched into the cemetery together. When they reached the monument they separated, one going to the left and the other to the right. Meeting, they charged up the mound and formed an inner circle, the Army of Northern Virginia in front and Army of Tennessee in the rear.
Then the ladies and gentlemen of the family trod slowly up the mound. There was not a covered head in the entire multitude of 10,000 people when the bereaved came. The soldiers kept their hats and shakos on because it was military duty to do so. Mrs. Davis, heavily draped, leaned on the arm of the life-long friend of her husband, Mr. J. U. Payne, as she came up beside the bier. Mrs. Hayes came up on the arm of Geaeral Joseph R. Davis, a nephew of the dead president. Behind these came the faithful negro body-servant of Mr. Davis, Robert Brown. Mrs, Stamps was escorted by Mr. Farrar. Then followed other members of the family, stated previously in these lines. Associate Justice Fenner and his family came next, and immediate friends of Mr. and Mrs. Davis gathered around just as Bishop Thompson opened the ceremonies by reading the first portion of the Episcopal funeral service. Then T. H. Sappington of Company B, Nineteenth Infantry, stationed at Mount Vernon barracks, Ala., sounded the bugle call of taps, and Bishop Galleher read the second portion of the ritual consigning the body to the grave. Here are his extempore words:
"In the name of God, Amen. We here consign the body of Jefferson Davis, a servant of his state and country, and a soldier in their armies; sometime member of congress, and senator from Mississippi and secretary of war of the United States; the first and only president of the Confederate States of America; born in Kentucky on the 3d day of June, 1808, died in Louisiana on the 6th day of December, 1889, and buried here by the reverent hands of his people."
An anthem by W. H. Walter, part of the burial service, was sung by the choristers to a cornet accompaniment. Bishop Thompson recited the Lord's prayer in which the choir, the clergy, and the general public joined, and then the beautiful hymn "Rock of Ages" was rendered, and the religious rites were over.
Bishop Galleher waved his hand. It was the signal of the closing. Captain Beanham gave the military command, the casket was raised from its bier and the soldiers bearing it on their shoulders marched around the circular mound to the open doorway at the back of the monument leading to the stairway that reaches the subterranean chamber of the dead. The family took up its line in the order of its ascent of the mound, friends followed, the Ladies' Memorial Association fell in, and Governor Nicholls and the other governors joined in with the other pall-bearers. When members of the family had descended the casket was placed in the middle vault of the first perpendicular row immediately on the right as you go down.
The confederate flag in which the coffin had been wrapped was removed, the slab was screwed tight, and the dead soldier had found his temporary resting place in the Army of Northern Virginia tomb. As the family descended, an artillery detachment from the State Guard, Captain Beanham's battery, fired three rounds, and the military funeral was over. There was placed before the vault three floral offering: one, a design of a chair, was from the Lee Memorial Association; another, "Gates Ajar," from Mr. P. J. Alba of Mobile, and the third, a cross of flowers, from the Girls' High School.
As Mr. Payne and Mrs. Davis, both weeping, and the other relatives and close friends came up from the chamber and passed down to their carriages the troops presented arms. Then the governors, the pall-bearers, guests from the states, the Ladies' Memorial Association, and finally the public crowded down into the still, cold, whitewashed room below and gazed for a moment on the narrow chamber with its sweet incense-giving flowers, wherein all that was mortal of the beloved southern chieftain was lying in peace and quiet, removed forever from its sphere in life.
The Life and Death of Jefferson Davis, Ex-President of the Southern Confederacy: together with comments of the press, funeral sermons, etc., etc., A. C. Bancroft, 1889