<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"> <head> <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" /> <title>Everyday Life During the Civil War - CSA History</title> <meta name="description" content="Saboteurs, Homespun Heroines, Soldiers, Spies, Saboteurs, Women Warriors, Patriots and Troop Support During the Civil War, Women In The Cause, United Daughters of the Confederacy, CSA History, Magnolias and Live Oaks, Southern Culture, Civil War Archives, CSA Soldiers, Uniforms, Recipes, Mississippi, Fashion, Humor, CSA Currency, Heritage" /> <meta name="keywords" content="Heroines, Patriots, Troops, Support, Civil War, Women, United, Daughters, Confederacy, CSA, History, Magnolias, Live Oaks, Southern Culture, Civil War, Archives, Soldiers, Uniforms, Recipes, Mississippi, Fashion, Humor, Currency, Heritage" /> <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="/women/everydaylife.css" /> <!-- onResize="window.location=window.location;" //--> <style type="text/css"> /*<![CDATA[*/ <!-- html { scrollbar-face-color: #EDE9DD; scrollbar-highlight-color:#000; scrollbar-3dlight-color:#FFFFFF; scrollbar-darkshadow-color: #838072; scrollbar-shadow-color:#736A51; scrollbar-arrow-color:#000000; scrollbar-track-color:#D5CEBB; } --> /*]]>*/ </style> <style type="text/css"> /*<![CDATA[*/ <!-- body { scrollbar-face-color: #EDE9DD; scrollbar-highlight-color:#000; scrollbar-3dlight-color:#FFFFFF; scrollbar-darkshadow-color: #838072; scrollbar-shadow-color:#736A51; scrollbar-arrow-color:#000000; scrollbar-track-color:#D5CEBB; } --> /*]]>*/ </style> <script type="text/javascript" src="http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1.3.2/jquery.min.js"> </script> <script type="text/javascript" src="/women/women_scrolltopcontrol.js"> //<![CDATA[ /*********************************************** * Scroll To Top Control script- ) Dynamic Drive DHTML code library (www.dynamicdrive.com) * This notice MUST stay intact for legal use * Visit Project Page at http://www.dynamicdrive.com for full source code ***********************************************/ //]]> </script> <script src="/js/js_liveclock.js" type="text/javascript"> </script> <style type="text/css"> /*<![CDATA[*/ div.c3 {font-size: 70%; color: #736A51;} div.c1 {text-align:center;} table.center {text-align:center; color: #736A51; margin:0 auto;} span.c1 {text-decoration: underline; color: #736A51; } span.c2 {text-align:left; font-size: 11px; color: #736A51; font-weight : bold; } em.c2 {text-decoration: underline;} p.indent {color: #736A51; font-size : 11px; text-decoration: none; text-align: left; margin: 2px 10px 5px 40px;} div.c4 {text-align: center; margin: 0 auto; paddding: 0;} td.c1 {background : #D5CEBB; border-left : 2px solid #736A51; color : #736A51; border-right : 2px solid #736A51; font-size : 12px; font-weight:bold; padding:10px;} td.c2 {background : #D5CEBB; width:100px;} td.c3 {background : #D5CEBB; border-left : 2px solid #736A51; font-size : 12px; border-right : 2px solid #736A51; font-weight:bold; padding:10px;} ul.links li { width: auto; display: inline-block; vertical-align: top;border:none;} /*]]>*/ </style> </head> <body> <div id="wrapper"> <div id="top"> </div> <div id="content"> <div class="menu"> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.angelpig.org">Home</a></li> </ul> <div id="clock"><script type="text/javascript"> //<![CDATA[ showdate(); //]]> </script></div> </div> <img src="/spacer.gif" width="176" height="15" alt="" /> <h3>Everyday Life During the Civil War</h3> <p>The book begins with the basics--the status of each state in and out of the Union, as well as the territories. Varhola recounts each area's history, its population and ethnic make-up at the time, its educational facilities, and its role during the Civil War.</p> <p>Among the fact-filled chapters is one on wages and currency. For instance, government clerks earned $16 per week; teachers $2 per student per month; and, Union nurses $12 per month. Government clerks have seen quite a few raises since then, but some would argue that teachers and nurses haven't.</p> <p>What could that money buy? In the midst of the war, shortages notwithstanding, the better dressed city lady would have to spend the following: Boots at $50; bonnet at a minimum of $25; merino dress at $150; cotton stockings at $6; all this and more if we include the many petticoats, the requisite camisole and chemise, fan, shawl, usually a parasol, and an overcoat or cape. (You'll even find out what a chemise is). Each major clothing item, for men or women, cost many times a soldier's pay of $1 to $13 per month.</p> <p>Where did they live and how much did it cost? Varhola gives lots of detail on city life and country life for lower, middle, and higher-class citizens. He also tells us about transportation and sewer systems, including the lowdown on toilets and bathtubs (or lack thereof) in typical homes. Prices for a modest farmhouse, $2500; for an extravagant country house, $14,000. To rent a city house would cost $500 per year; room and meals in a boarding house went for $35 per month, more if that included use of the parlor. Renting a tenement dwelling would be $5 per month, and cheaper yet is rent for a stable converted to dwelling space, at $15 per year.</p> <p>What did they eat? We recognize Underwood Deviled Ham (founded 1822); Lea and Perrins Worcestershire Sauce (since 1835); Van Camp's Pork and Beans (1861); and, Borden's Condensed Milk (since 1856--Elsie wasn't their spokes-cow yet). With no preservatives, people baked their own breads daily and grew their own fruits and vegetables, which they canned and preserved for year-round use. Varhola quotes prices for flour at $30 to $75 per barrel and cornmeal at $16 to $3500 per bushel, depending on whether or not areas were experiencing shortages. Since even Costco doesn't sell by the bushel or barrel, it is hard for today's consumer to relate to these prices.</p> <p>What did they do for fun? Singing, board games, and "throwing papers" (card playing). For sport there was cricket, horseracing, and the ever-popular heel-toe walking races. Theater was extremely popular, as well as music halls and other variety shows. Stars of that era are well known to us today. Among them are Jenny Lind (the Swedish Nightingale) and Edwin Forrest, whom Abraham Lincoln saw on stage many times. Ira Frederick Aldridge was the first renowned African American actor. There were also traveling carnivals and circuses, where literally, "seeing the elephant," could be the highlight of one's life.</p> <p>This book has much more detail and fills a definite gap in our knowledge of the American Victorian age. For history fans who have read about famous Civil War characters, the book will give you a context to understand them -- it will make you feel that you know them a little bit better.</p> <br /> <blockquote><p> <em class="c2">Everyday Life During the Civil War</em>, by Michael J. Varhola <br /> Although the book is subtitled, <em class="c2">A Guide for Writers, Students and Historians</em>, it is no ordinary reference book. It is a wonderful resource for anyone interested in the minutiae of American life during the Civil War.</p></blockquote> <br /> <img src="/southern/everyday_book.jpg" width="225" height="350" alt="#" class="centered" /><br /> <p class="c3">Copyright Ownership by Michael J. Varhola (Oct 15, 1999)<br /> http://varhola.com/</p> <p>Available at:<br /> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Everyday-Life-During-Civil-War/dp/1582973377" target="_blank">amazon.com/Everyday-Life-During-Civil-War</a></p> <img src="/images/div01.gif" width="575" height="10" class="center" alt="" /> <br /> <table><tr><td> <a href="http://www.angelpig.org/"><img width="150" height="114" src="/women/women_homemenu.gif" alt="Home" /></a></td> <td><a href="http://www.angelpig.org/sitemenu.html"><img width="150" height="114" src="/women/women_sitemenu.gif" alt="Site Menu" /></a> </td></tr></table> <br /> <div id="footer"> <p>| &copy; <a href="http://www.angelpig.org" title="angelpig.org">angelpig.org</a> | Hosted by <a href="http://www.networksolutions.com">Network Solutions</a> | <a href="http://validator.w3.org" title="This page validates as XHTML 1.0 Strict"><abbr title="eXtensible HyperText Markup Language">XHTML</abbr></a> | <a href="http://jigsaw.w3.org/css-validator/" title="This page validates as CSS"><abbr title="Cascading Style Sheets">CSS</abbr> |</a></p> </div> </div> <div id="bottom"></div> </div> <!-- NO COPY--> <script type="text/javascript"> //<![CDATA[ //Disable select-text script (IE4+, NS6+)- By Andy Scott //Exclusive permission granted to Dynamic Drive to feature script //Visit http://www.dynamicdrive.com for this script function disableselect(e){ return false } function reEnable(){ return true } //if IE4+ document.onselectstart=new Function ("return false") //if NS6 if (window.sidebar){ document.onmousedown=disableselect document.onclick=reEnable } //]]> </script><!--NO COPY--> <!--NO CLICK--> <script type="text/javascript"> //<![CDATA[ <!-- //Disable right mouse click Script //By Maximus (maximus@nsimail.com) //For full source code, visit http://www.dynamicdrive.com var message=""; /////////////////////////////////// function clickIE() {if (document.all) {alert(message);return false;}} function clickNS(e) {if (document.layers||(document.getElementById&&!document.all)) { if (e.which==2||e.which==3) {alert(message);return false;}}} if (document.layers) {document.captureEvents(Event.MOUSEDOWN);document.onmousedown=clickNS;} else{document.onmouseup=clickNS;document.oncontextmenu=clickIE;} document.oncontextmenu=new Function("return false") // --> //]]> </script><!--NO CLICK--> </body> </html>