General Officer, C.S.A.
General Officer
The uniform worn by General Robert E. Lee. He carries a sword, and a binocular case is slung from his left shoulder. The buff sash was worn only by General Officers. The three stars on his collar indicate his rank.

General of Calvary, C.S.A.
General of Calvary
This is the type of uniform worn by General "Jeb" Stuart. He carries a saber, revolver, and a binocular case is slung from his left shoulder. He wears a short jacket, lapels turned back with buff collar, cuffs, and sash of a General Officer. Three stars on his collar indicate his rank.
Infantry Officer, C.S.A.
Infantry Officer
His equipment includes a sword and revolver. The blue forage cap (or kepi), collar and cuffs identify him as belonging to the Infantry. (An Artillery Officer would have worn a red cap, collar, and cuffs.) The two bars on his collar indicate his rank as First Lieutenant.
Artilleryman, C.S.A.
His equipment includes saber and revolver. He holds a sponge and rammer used to swabout the cannon barrel, and ram home the charge about to be fired. The red cap, collar, and cuffs identify him as belonging to the Artillery.
Calvaryman, C.S.A.
His equipment includes saber and revolver. A carbine is attached to the sling across his left shoulder. His chevrons indicate his rank as sargeant. Yellow chevrons, collar and cuffs identify him as belonging to the calvary.
Infantryman, C.S.A.
The typical Confederate foot soldier. His equipment includes musket, cartridge box (on his right hip), bayonet and scabbard, canteen, haversack and tin cup. A blanket roll is slung across his shoulder. Uniforms of butternut or brown were also worn extensively by Confederate Infantrymen.

These paintings are by Frederic Ray. Published by Americana Souvenirs and Gifts, Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Printed in Ireland.

The French Zouave

Private, 1861. 1st. Special Battalion,
Louisiana Infantry, "Wheat's Tigers."

The origin of the term came from the "Tiger Rifles," a volunteer company raised in the New Orleans area as part of Major Chatham Roberdeau Wheat's 1st Special Battalion, Louisiana Volunteer Infantry (2nd Louisiana Battalion). A large number of the men were foreign-born, particularly Irish Americans, many from the city's wharves and docks. Many men had previous military experience in local militia units or as filibusters. They (and the regiments that later became known as the Tigers) were organized and trained at Camp Moore.

Originally, Company B of "Wheat's Tigers" wore distinctive uniforms similar to the French zouave, with straw hats or red cloth fezzes, blue-striped chasseur-style pantaloons, and short dark blue jackets with red lacing. The Tiger Zouaves apparently wore the fezzes in camp and straw hats while in the field. As time went on, this garb was replaced by Confederate uniforms and what clothing the men could purchase or otherwise obtain from civilians. Within months of arriving in Northern Virginia, Wheat's entire five-company battalion began to be called the Louisiana Tigers.

Following Wheat's death at the Battle of Gaines' Mill and with but some 60 officers or men under Capt. Harris, the Tiger Battalion was merged with Coppens' Zouaves within the Army of Northern Virginia. The combined unit was heavily depleted during the Northern Virginia Campaign and the subsequent Maryland Campaign, where its leader, Colonel Auguste Gaston Coppens, was killed.

The only complete Confederate Zouave command at Antietam was the 1st Battalion "Louisiana Zouaves" also known as "Coppens Zouaves." Initially its members wore Zouave uniforms and even drilled with commands given in French. Beginning the war with over 400 men, their numbers had dwindled to approximately 17 men. They saw heavy action along the Hagerstown Road in the "Morning Phase" of battle. However, by the time of the Battle of Antietam, except for an occasional hat or coat, Confederate Zouave units with the Army of Northern Virginia had worn out or discarded their flashy garb for standard Confederate gray. The amalgamated battalion was disbanded shortly after the Battle of Antietam, and the men were dispersed among other units.

(z-äv', zwäv).

(1) One of a body of infantry in the French Army, composed orig. of Algerians, distinguished for their dash & hardiness, and wearing a picturesque Oriental uniform.

(2) a member of any body of soldiers wearing a similar dress.

(3) a soldier of volunteer regiments (1861-65) in the U.S. Army whose dress resembled the French Zouave uniform. A member of a group patterned after the French Zouaves, especially a member of such a unit of the Union Army in the U.S. Civil War.

I am of French and English descent, consequently, my interest in the "Louisiana Tiger" Zouave soldier is keen.

J.E.B. Stuart, Maj. Gen.
Robert E. Lee, General

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